Fundamental change at every level of society is needed to address the issues confronting us in the 21st century. Climate change, loss of biodiversity, depletion of natural resources and the widening gap between rich and poor are just a few of the "wicked problems" that require designers to explore new approaches to problem solving. Transition design engages with these kinds of interconnected problems.
The PhD in Transition Design is for people committed to making positive change in the world. Our program seeks to catalyze the societal shift toward sustainable lifestyles that are simultaneously place-based (local) and internationally networked (global). Design has a critical role to play in driving sustainable change across a range of complex systems—from food, water, materials and products, to transport, healthcare, communications and education.
Complex problems must be addressed through ecologies of interventions that draw on multiple design specialisms, alongside expertise from other disciplines. In this way, transition design is a transdisciplinary field that unites researchers from within and beyond design. This sees service designers, social designers, communication designers and product designers, working alongside ecologists, anthropologists, philosophers, economists and political scientists. As a student here, your research will directly shape the development of this dynamic and emerging field.
The PhD in Transition Design at Carnegie Mellon University develops future design leaders with the capacity to envision and realize transitions to sustainable futures. Our four-year program cultivates the knowledge, skills and literacies to design systems-level change, over long horizons of time. Students develop their own research interests within the broad framework of transition design. Throughout the program, you will maintain fluid interactions between theory and practice, through critical engagements with texts, images, media, objects and experiences.
The School of Design at Carnegie Mellon is a top-ranked design school, situated at the heart of a world leading research university, with a thriving undergraduate, graduate and doctoral student community. Upon completing the PhD, graduates are equipped to drive design-led change through academic posts in leading universities, and take on influential roles in nonprofit organizations, business and government.
The program has two key stages: the first is taught (year 1); the second comprises a self-defined project developed in consultation with an advisory committee (years 2–4). During the first year, where schedules permit, our students can also take electives from the School of Design’s areas of teaching excellence. These include service design, social innovation, product design and visual communication. A series of 2-day workshops provide “deep dives” into key topics of the program. These mixed cohort sessions provide an opportunity to work alongside a diverse community of industry professionals, creative practitioners and students from across Carnegie Mellon’s world class research community.
- Design Theory & Practice (Year 1, Fall) Advancing your understanding of how research from diverse disciplinary domains can inform new kinds of research and practice. Through this 15-week course (including a 2-day intensive workshop) you will explore the intersections of theory, practice and praxis, to develop a holistic understanding of research as reflexive theoretical and practical process. Coursework includes the design of praxis methods to shape your own research. Topics include: research of design, research for design, research by design, and design praxis.
- Design Writing Workshop (Year 1, Fall) Deepening your connection with the craft of writing via a cross-section of academic, journalistic and creative styles. Through this 15-week course (including a 2-day intensive workshop) this practical hands-on course helps you develop your style, structure and confidence in design writing. Writing is framed as a creative process where ideas are explored, discovered and expressed. Coursework includes planning a literature review. Topics include: conference papers & journal articles, design criticism, podcasts & digital publishing, and transformational design curricula.
- Transition Design (Year 1, Spring) Driving design-led, systems-level change towards socially and ecologically sustainable, convivial and equitable place-based lifestyles. Through this 15-week course (including a 2-day intensive workshop) you will explore multilevel wicked problems to establish mutually beneficial relationships between people, the natural environment and the designed world; repositioning designers as agents of sustainable change. Topics include: living systems & wicked problems, mindsets & postures, theories of change, visions, and transition designing.
- Experiential Futures (Year 1, Spring) Introducing future-focused design practices with practical training in futuring and foresight methods. Through this 7-week course you will be introduced to a broad array of future-focused design practices, coupled with practical training in futuring and foresight techniques and methods. Coursework includes the development of a "Time Machine"—an immersive, future-focussed scenario for storytelling and research activation. Topics include: world modeling, futuring & foresight, emerging design practices, criticality & speculation, design pedagogy, and sustainable futures.
- Framing Proposals for Change (Year 1, Spring) Defining a 3-year research project with your advisory committee, geared toward activating sustainable change. Through this 7-week course (including a 2-day intensive workshop) you will frame new research contexts, define questions, plan methodological approaches, design open research structures that adapt and change, and speculate upon research outcomes and their impacts. Coursework includes writing a PhD proposal. Topics include: framing research problems, building an argument, planning your project, keeping research open, and writing a research proposal.
- Research I, II, III, IV (Years 2 & 3) Developing a 2-year period of deep, reflective and self-directed research. Across this sequence of courses—spanning 4 semesters—you work closely with your advisory committee to build upon your research proposal and literature review. During this phase you will deepen your literature review, undertake field research, develop your practice and begin pulling together your research into a coherent body of work.
- Coda I, II (Year 4) Creating the critical space for divergent research themes to coalesce into a clear and conclusive body of research. You will assemble your dissertation in advance of the defense in May of the final semester. Dissertations can be entirely written (60–80K words), or a body of written and practical work (40–60K words, by negotiation). Your final body of work must demonstrate an original contribution to knowledge which expands understanding of transition design.
Click here to view our Doctoral Program Planner, illustrating how these courses map across the 4 years of the program.
Toward the end of the first year you are supported in assembling a 3-5 member advisory committee. This mentoring group can comprise faculty with diverse expertise from the School of Design, or from other schools across CMU, and beyond. Design faculty advisors include:
- Jonathan Chapman (Director of Doctoral Studies)
- Terry Irwin
- Molly Steenson
- Peter Scupelli
- Dan Lockton
- Stuart Candy
- Bruce Hanington
- Gideon Kossoff
- Stacie Rohrbach
- Mark Baskinger
- Kristin Hughes
- Cheryl Dahle
Applicants should meet the following requirements:
- A Bachelor's degree from an accredited institution with a strong record of academic achievement.
- A Master's degree from an accredited institution with a strong record of academic achievement. In exceptional circumstances we will consider applicants without a masters degree, where there is evidence of equivalent professional experience.
- Candidates for the PhD teaching fellowship must have a Masters degree in one of our areas of design focus. In select cases, 3+ years of professional design experience, demonstrated by portfolio and testimonials, may be considered if the applicant's Masters degree is in a related or complementary field.
- Candidates for the PhD teaching fellowship (see below) must have at least two years professional and/or teaching experience in one of the school’s areas of design focus.
- Fluency in written and spoken English.
All candidates whose native language is not English are required to submit recent TOEFL or IELTS scores. This requirement will not be waived. A TOEFL score above 102 total, with minimum sub-scores of 25, or an IELTS score of 7.5, with no score lower than 7, is required for admission to the program.
Note: There are additional requirements for teaching fellowship candidates, in regards to written and verbal English language capacities by Pennsylvania State Legislation. All non-native English speakers are required to pass an International Teaching Assistant Test administered by CMU.
In addition to offering a self-funded route, we also offer a small number of merit-based teaching fellowships to suitably qualified applicants. These cover tuition fees and include a stipend of $13,500 per year. Teaching fellows teach one full course per semester, from semesters 2–7.
Applicants who are accepted into the program, but do not receive an offer of a teaching fellowship, are required to pay the following fees, totalling approximately $60,000 over 4-years:
- Year 1: $39,700 (2018/2019)
- Year 2: $5,653 (2019/2020)
- Year 3: $5,792 (2020/2021)
- Year 4: $5,931 (2021/2022)
University fees (annual estimate)
- Activity Fee: $214.00
- Transportation Fee: $210.00
- Technology Fee: $410.00
Note: All candidates requiring health insurance, whether on a teaching fellowship or self-funded, are responsible for their own health insurance at approximately $2,000 per year.
Subject to visa constraints, self-funded candidates have the option of relocating for an agreed period of time, for research and other purposes, after the taught component of the program has been completed (Year 1). It is possible that research assistantships will also be available to self-funding students. In contrast, students on teaching fellowships must be in residence at CMU for the duration of the program. Under special approval of the advisory committee, periods of research leave may be granted to teaching fellows, but during such periods fellowship funding would not be available.
We accept applications between December 1–February 28 each year. In addition to the application form itself, application packages should comprise the following:
- Cover Letter: clearly articulating your reasons for wishing to undertake a PhD in Transition Design, and how your skills and experiences have led toward this. Applicants wishing to apply for a teaching fellowship should indicate this within their covering letter, and also provide evidence of suitability to teach within one of the school's areas of design focus.
- Statement of Research Motivation: A clear articulation of the research area you are developing, the key questions underpinning the research, the motivations behind this work, and how it can contribute to the development of transition design.
- Portfolio: featuring no more than 10 design and/or design-related works, supported by annotations clearly expressing the intention of each project. The portfolio should demonstrate your proclivity for research across theoretical and practical domains. Any design-related teaching experience, or curriculum development, should also be evidenced. Applicants may host their own digital portfolios and provide a link in the application, or upload a PDF version of your Portfolio.
- Resume: Include an up to date PDF resume, which summarizes your key skills and experiences to date.
- Three Letters of Recommendation: Ask your references to write a substantive letter about your qualifications for doctoral study, making reference to previous study, research, or work at a job. All letters of recommendations must be submitted electronically. Recommenders will be sent an email when you complete the recommendation section and check the email request box. The email will include instructions, the URL, and a password to access the recommendation form.